Chamba Rumal-an Embroidered Miniature Painting Handicraft Of Himachal

People of Himachal Pradesh have developed through the years, a rich tradition of handicrafts. People of this state are contained, simple and hardworking. Himachal Pradesh is famous for its traditional folk craft, woodwork, metal wares, carpets, woollen textile and leather embroidery.The people of Himachal Pradesh continue to practice their age-old skills of handicrafts even today and come up with some of the best pieces of art and craft that have worldwide acclamation.

Among the Handicraft in Himachal Pradesh, embroidery is an important aspect practiced by the womenfolk.

The embroidery art form of the Chamba known as Chamba rumal originated and flourished in the erstwhile princely hill states of Chamba, Kangra, Basholi and nearby states which aren't a part of Himachal Pradesh. Though practised throughout this region, the craft came to be associated specifically with Chamba owing to the patronage given by the rulers of the area as well as to the quality of its craftsmanship. The artistic style of the Pahari miniature paintings which was influenced by Mughal Miniatures, was reflected in the rumals which flourished in the 18th and 19th centuries. The embroidery on the rumal is the image of a miniature painting on fabric. Dr. Stella Kramrish observed that Chamba rumals are like paintings translated into embroidery.

The Art of Tipping in Punta Cana

When you are on vacation it is sometimes hard to figure out how to give tips. Who should you tip? When and how much should you tip? These are typically the questions that I hear from tourists traveling to Punta Cana, the Dominican Republic.

People who work in tourism in Punta Cana often receive a relatively small basic salary, which is supplemented with tips and commissions for sales (e.g. excursions). These hardworking people are used to receiving and often expect to receive a tip for their services.

If you want to be fully prepared to give tips from the moment you arrive to Punta Cana, it would be a good idea to make sure you have plenty of small USD bills. When you have arrived in Punta Cana, you can always exchange larger USD bills to smaller bills or withdraw money in the local currency (i.e. Dominican Pesos) from any ATM. One USD is approximately 40 Dominican Pesos.

Arriving at the airport:

It all begins when you arrive at the airport in Punta Cana. You will be greeted by friendly porters/bellboys who are ready to help you locate and carry your luggage from the baggage claim to the car or bus that will take you to your resort. The porter expects to receive USD 1 per suitcase, or a bit more if your luggage is very heavy or if you have lots of it.

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The big hankerchiefs called rumal of Chamba are famous and has always been a symbol of affection and good omen. They're presented at festivals and weddings. They're also used for wrapping ceremonious gifts exchanged between the bride and bridegroom’s parties during marriages.

The designs of embroidery are mainly based on the Kangra and Chamba Schools of Paintings and can be dived into two major parts, namely, Rumal or Kashida Embroidery and Leather Embroidery. These designs depict the narratives of the Krishna legends and other themes and manifests the skilled use of double satin stitch on the body and the stem stitch on the outlines in the polycoloured silk thread.

This gives a unique mirror image patterns on both the sides. The rumals aren't only noted for their rich aesthetic effect but also for significance of the subject matter.

The red and orange richly embroidered silk scarves of Chamba are simply beautiful. They often depict scenes from the Mahabharata, the Ramayana and the Raaslila of Radha and Krishna. The embroidery is done in silk yarn on tussar (silk) or fine cotton. The ground is usually white or cream. The embroidery threads (usually red and orange) are in striking contrast.

Exquisite examples of needle painting, the rumals (large handkerchiefs) of Chamba have long been famous for their unusual beauty. As symbols and omens of goodwill. Weddings in the hills and valleys around Chamba are still not complete without an exchange of Chamba rumals.

Chamba rumal are also used as wall-hangings, Door and fire screens, cushion covers while the designs have been adopted for table-cloth and bed-spreads.

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