A trapped nerve originating from the spine can cause referred pain to areas such as your arms, hand, legs and feet. For instance, sciatica can be a result of a pinched nerve due to a disc herniation in your spine. In other instances, a trapped nerve along the sacral plexus (group of nerve fibers that exit the sacral bone) can also cause sciatic pain. Occasionally, some people will have sciatica due to a pinched nerve within the piriformis muscle (muscle in the buttocks). As you can see, there can be many factors which can cause a nerve to be trapped. The way to accurately diagnose the cause of your pain is through examining your signs and symptoms.
Trapped nerve signs and symptoms include:
1. Any numbness (lack of sensation), tingling, or weakness along the body part where the nerve runs through.
2. Sensations of “pins and needles” in the affected area.
3. Sharp or burning pain sensation
Here is a list of common causes for a trapped nerve:
1. Accident, Injury, Trauma
2. Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)
4. Canal Stenosis
5. Disc Herniation
6. Overuse Injuries/Repetitive Stress Injuries
7. Poor Posture
10. Osteoporotic fractures
Generally, there is no permanent damage if a nerve is trapped for a short duration. However, if the trapped nerve is untreated and the pressure continues, the result can be chronic pain and possible permanent nerve damage. Many people will recover from the effects of a pinched nerve within days or weeks with proper rest and conservative treatment. Stopping any activities that can cause or aggravate the nerve compression is essential to a full recovery. In some instances, it may be necessary to wear a brace or splint to immobilize the area, such as in carpal tunnel syndrome.
There are some preventative measures that can you can take. For example, maintain a healthy body weight, limit activities that are repetitive in work and maintain good posture. There are also stretches and rehabilitation exercises that are specifically designed to alleviate the pain from a trapped nerve. Your doctor may prescribe pain medication or use a corticosteroid injection to minimize the pain and inflammation.
For those who want a more natural approach to treating the trapped nerve, there are also alternatives such as acupuncture, chiropractic and physical therapy that have provided some people with relief.
In general, if a trapped nerve shows no signs of improvement or progressively becomes worse after three months of conservative treatment, surgery may be required. The type of surgery would depend on the location of the pinched nerve. For instance, the different kinds of surgery can involve removal of portions of a herniated disc, nerve release, removing ligament structures or taking out bone spurs. Each trapped nerve case requires a specific surgical procedure.
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Genital warts, otherwise called condyloma acuminata are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Over 100 types of HPV have been discovered and about 40% of these can potentially affect the anus, cervix, penis, scrotum. Genital warts often occur in clusters and can be very tiny or can spread into large masses in the genital or penis area. In women they occur on the outside and inside of the vagina, on the opening (cervix) to the womb (uterus), or around the anus.
Antiviral herbs may help weaken or kill the HPV, and clear the infection. Immune-stimulating herbs can boost your immune system, allowing your body to fight the infection naturally.
Herbal treatment for genital warts:
Vitamin E and garlic: The first of the home remedies for genital warts removal to be discussed involves vitamin E and garlic. Apply vitamin E oil and crushed garlic to the affected area and cover with bandages or a gauze if you can. In many cases, the warts should fall off in about a week.
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Wasp stings are painful and although most cause only small medical problems, some can be fatal, and hence must be dealt with utmost care and attention. Wasps are classified under the Hymenoptera group which are double-winged insects having a tubular structure at their bottom, specially meant for stinging or piercing. They live in colonies, so if you are stung by one of them, chances are that you will be caught unaware by a bunch of them and more stings will follow. A wasp stings its victim repeatedly and have a mechanism to call their mates to join in. This makes them very dangerous.
The sting causes a burning sensation which is localized to the part affected. The affected part may turn red and itch, as happens in most of the cases. However, multiple stings can cause fever, headache, muscle cramps, and drowsiness. Treatment can be quite complicated if the person experiences an allergic reaction to venom. The symptoms in such cases may be nausea, excessive swelling, breathing trouble, or bluish face and lips resulting in immediate unconsciousness, choking, or shock. Call immediately for emergency help in case of loss of breath and shock.
Ways to Treat a Wasp Sting
- If the stinger is still in the body of the victim, scoop it out in the upward direction with a pointed object. Attempting to remove a stinger by pulling it out may inject more venom into the body. Hence, always be careful while removing stingers. An alternative way to do this is to scratch the affected part with a blunt knife.
- If the victim is not allergic to venom, then only local care will be sufficient to deal with the condition.
- Wash the affected area with soap and water and repeat the procedure if needed. For immediate relief, use a mist water spray that gives a soothing effect.
- Apply an ice pack to the affected area. Ensure that the pack is wrapped in a smooth cloth and the skin does not come in direct contact with the ice, as it may cause further irritation. Leave the pack on the skin for some time to allow it to neutralize the venom effect.
- A solution of vinegar or lemon juice helps to neutralize the effect of venom and provides a cooling effect to the skin. Severe itching can be reduced by a dose of oral antihistamine and the pain can be treated with certain drugs like ibuprofen or acetaminophen. However, a strong recommendation from a registered medical practitioner is advisable before using these drugs.
- If the wasp has stung in or around the mouth, the effect of poison can be reduced by sucking ice or drinking cool water slowly.
- Rubbing the affected part with a safe and sterilized substance releases endorphins which help in reducing the pain.
- The cure or treatment hugely depends on the cultural background and psychology of the person. There are a number of traditional remedies, each found to be equally effective in many cases of wasp stings. Some of these are: application of clay paste, chili paste, lavender oil, mint leaves even toothpaste, and deodorant or hot water to coagulate the venom. The important thing is that, the affected person should have a deep trust and belief in the treatment being administered.
- ‘Prevention is the best cure’. A wasp sting can be avoided by simple precautions like
- Not fiddling or poking a wasp nest and not disturbing the insects.
- Preferably wearing light-colored clothes while on an outing, especially if allergic to venom, since wasps are attracted to dark colors.
- Avoid panicking and run towards a safe place amidst some vegetable patch if you are outdoors. Wasps give up a chase usually after a distance of 50 yards.
Insects or any other life forms are an integral part of our ecosystem. Hence, we must respect their way of living and try to adapt ourselves accordingly.
Disclaimer: This Buzzle article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.
Did You Know?Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun is the number one cause of skin cancer. The risk is the same irrespective of whether the sun exposure occurs in summer or on a cool, windy day in winter.Sunburn is caused by UV radiation and its intensity does not depend upon the atmospheric temperature. So sunburns can occur in winters too. The UV index for a ‘warmer’ day can be similar to that for a ‘cooler, windy’ day. Dermatologists have confirmed that the term windburn is a misnomer for sunburns occurring in the cold weather.
Although the condition is commonly known as windburn, it is actually sunburn, as it is caused by the sun’s rays. The wind does not burn your skin. Excessive exposure to wind results in dry skin and this dryness can worsen the symptoms of sunburn. Cool breeze brings down the day-time temperature, and clouds seem to block sunlight. But the risk from exposure to UV radiation is present even on overcast days. Excess exposure to UV radiation can burn your skin. Hence protection is a must.How to Get Rid of WindburnsSunscreenFirst of all, you should apply a good-quality sunscreen lotion over the affected area and put on protective clothing (and goggles) to prevent further skin damage.Cool Water BathNever take a hot shower to get rid of windburn. Instead, go in for a cool (not cold) shower. If you are not comfortable with cool water, use tepid water. For better results, add one cup of cider vinegar to it.Stay Away from Heat Keep your windburned skin away from the heat of stoves, fires, or heaters.Aloe Vera Apply aloe vera gel to the affected skin, several times each day. This will help reduce the burning sensation.CucumberCucumber carries antioxidant and analgesic properties. It promotes fast healing of the windburned skin. With a blender, make a paste of chilled cucumbers and apply it over the affected region and on the face. It helps reduce the burning sensation.OatmealSoaking in an oatmeal bath can help in getting rid of the burning sensation. It will also help retain the skin’s softness. This is one of the best home remedies for windburn.PainkillersIn case of severe pain and itching, you may take over-the-counter pain relievers like Ibuprofen and Naproxen. The medicines can help lower skin inflammation.Vitamin EVitamin E works well for inflamed and sunburned skin. Apply creams that are rich in this vitamin. You may apply vitamin E oil or take vitamin E tablets.PotatoLike cucumbers, potatoes too help soothe the skin. Wash a potato, grate it, and using a blender, make a paste. Apply the paste over the affected skin. Placing potato slices on the burned skin also helps soothe it.Cool MilkDip a gauze or washcloth in cool (not necessarily cold) milk, drain off the excess milk, and put it on the burning skin. You may use moisturizing products that contain milky cleansers. They are good for soft and sensitive skin.Cornstarch or Baking SodaMake a paste of either cornstarch or baking soda, using cool water, and apply it on the affected part of the skin.YogurtApply plain cool yogurt to the affected region. Gently rinse it off with cool water, after 5-10 minutes. You can even bathe the face in buttermilk.Water and Other Liquids Drink plenty of water, healthy juices, and soups. This will help rehydrate the skin.Herbal MedicinesBathe the sunburn with an infusion of stinging nettles, chamomile, peppermint, ground yarrow, purple coneflower, elder flowers, chickweed, or calendula. German chamomile oil contains chamazulene, a compound that helps soothe the red, inflamed skin. Tinctures of chamomile and noni help reduce the irritation. Creams that contain jojoba oil or beeswax work great for sunburns.Essential OilsYou can add lavender or bergamot oil to bathwater. The herbs and essential oils can destroy bacteria and soothe the skin. Taking frequent cool showers or baths can help lessen the irritation. You can apply virgin coconut oil over the skin as it has antimicrobial properties. Using medicinal herbs for soothing the skin irritation is one of the safest ways of treating a windburn.RestOverexertion leading to sweating, may result in dehydrating the body. Dehydration may lead to a mild headache. So, take sufficient rest.Shea ButterWindburned skin is prone to peeling. You cannot prevent this, but you can apply soothing lotions or moisturizers several times, each day. Apply creams that contain shea butter, cocoa butter, or vitamin E. They can help restore essential nutrients in the skin and can speed the healing process.Lip BalmThe lips are especially vulnerable to windburn. Apply a good-quality lip balm over dried lips.Black TeaUsing a clean washcloth to apply freshly brewed cool tea over the burned skin. The tannic acid present in black tea helps calm the sunburned skin. It also helps restore the pH balance.Eye DropsOver-the-counter eye drops or artificial tears can help moisten the eyes, and help reduce itchiness.Cool Compress Place a cool compress on the affected area.What is a Windburn?In case you didn’t know what a windburn means, here is an explanation. Simply put, it is the reddening of the skin caused by winds. An overexposure to winds may cause the reddening accompanied by soreness, inflammation, and itching.
The lipid molecules present in the surface layer of your skin help it retain moisture. They protect the skin from the harsh sun and the wind. But prolonged exposure to strong and cold winds can remove the oils from the outermost layer of your skin, and can leave it dry and chapped. As a result, the skin may appear cracked, reddened, and swollen. Winds may aggravate the symptoms of a sunburn, but they do not directly cause burning of the skin.
Engaging in winter sports on cloudy days may increase chances of sunburns. Being at higher altitudes, on top of snowy mountains, for example, can increase the likelihood of getting sunburns. UV rays can penetrate clouds, thus making the risk of sunburns, no less even on cloudy days. In fact, the presence of clouds may result in more intense radiation, as the sun’s rays may get reflected off the bottom of the clouds.
As the cooling winds reduce the intensity of heat and the burning sensation, people don’t feel like wearing sun glasses. They don’t apply sunscreen lotions and do not seek shade. Thus, they stay exposed to the burning effects of UV radiation. They may experience dryness, pain, itching, tenderness, and swelling in the exposed regions of the skin. The color of the skin may also change.
Although the symptoms can be relieved naturally, you should take precautions to avoid overexposure to the sun, even on cool, windy days. Dryness and burning can affect your skin adversely. Applying sunscreen over the skin is not enough to protect it from windburn.Preventive measures involve wearing protective clothing, applying a lip balm with sunscreen, wearing a woolen cap, scarf, long pants, goggles with UVA and UVB protection, gloves, etc., and seeking shade. When engaging in winter sports, one should use the appropriate gear; for example a ski mask when skiing. Sunscreens with a moisturizer or petroleum jelly can prevent the loss of oils from your skin, thus shielding it from windburn.